by Eric Dunbar
How We Know God Is Eternal
When we say God is eternal we mean God is self-existent. The eternal God of the Bible has always been and He will forever be. One of the names of God in the Bible is El Olam, Hebrew for “God of eternity; God the everlasting; God for ever.” God is eternal because God is the Creator who possesses never-ending wisdom and power. He was before all time and all worlds. He is the alpha and omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last. The best way to describe eternity is it goes back in time with no beginning and it goes forward into the future with no end.
You cannot get something from nothing. Things that are finite need a cause to exist, or said another way, something or someone had to create them. God is eternal, because nothing caused God to be. He exists because He Is and always will be.
Science confirms that whatever comes into being has to have a beginning, which means it — the created thing — cannot be the source of itself. You cannot have a cause without an effect. God is the source of all things, therefore God is absolute and constant within Himself, since He has no beginning nor end.
We measure everything with regards to time, so it is difficult for us to conceive of anything that did not have a beginning, something that always was, and will continue forever. The Bible begins by telling us that God was in the beginning, before anything existed, reinforcing the fact that God was and is forever.
God is an immortal spirit who created all things. Before the creation of the universe, there was nothing. The laws of physics teach that matter, space and time must occur all together. Without matter, neither space or time can exist. Before God created the universe, there was no time. But before there was a universe or time, there was God because He always existed. God says of Himself, “I AM WHO I AM” (Exodus 3:14). signifying that He is self existent and has always existed. If God were not eternal, His promise of eternal life for those who believe in His Son would have no value.
What The Bible Teaches About God Eternal
Throughout the Bible we are told that God is eternal. The Bible says that God chose us in Him before the creation of the world (Ephesians 1:4). With regard to Jesus, who was God in bodily form, the Bible says that God loved Him even before the foundation of the world (John 17:5). John said of Jesus, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God” (John 1:1). Jesus said of Himself, “Before Abram was, ‘I AM'” (John 8:58).
In Romans 1:20 we see that the eternal nature and power of God have been revealed to us through His creation. This means that people — all people — see and understand who God is from the things that He has created.
God is not bound by time
God proclaims that He is not bound by time. He says, “Indeed before the day was, I am He; and there is no one who can deliver out of My hand; I work, and who will reverse it?” (Isaiah 43:13). He proves that He does not live in the boundaries of time by accurately disclosing events before they happen.
“I have declared the former things from the beginning; they went forth from My mouth, and I caused them to hear it. Suddenly I did them, and they came to pass. Even from the beginning I have declared it to you; before it came to pass I proclaimed it to you, lest you should say, ‘My idol has done them, and my carved image and my molded image have commanded them.’” (Isaiah 48:3, 5).
God is the source of all things
We cannot begin to comprehend the awesome incomprehensible power of God for He is the source of all things and by His power all things are held together.
The Bible says that God has spoken to us through His Son, “whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds; who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high” (Hebrews 1:2-3).
“By faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that the things which are seen were not made of things which are visible” (Hebrews 11:3).
Our Eternal Hope
Our eternal hope is based on the very fact that God is eternal. The scriptures tell us that we should look for a new heavens and a new earth, for God has promised that it will happen, and God is faithful to keep his promises. In that day, all who belong to Christ through faith in Him, will be eternal as well, for we shall be just like Him.