Oxycodone

Brand Names: Oxecta, OxyCONTIN, Oxyfast, Roxicodone

What Is Oxycodone?

OxycodoneOxycodone (14-hydroxydihydrocodeinone) is an opioid painkiller. Opioids are sometimes called narcotics. Oxycodone is a white, odorless, crystalline powder with a bitter, saline bitter taste. Oxycodone is a semi-synthetic opioid analgesic that is derived from the opium alkaloid thebaine, which is found in the Persian opium poppy.

Oxycodone is available as single-ingredient medication in immediate release and controlled release. Combination products formulated with non-narcotic ingredients such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and paracetamol (acetaminophen, or APAP, i.e. Oxycodone APAP) are also available as immediate release formulations. A combination with naloxone (Oxycodone/Naloxone) is available in managed-release tablets. The naloxone precipitates opioid withdrawal symptoms & blocks the faster onset were the tablet to be crushed and filtered for injection or otherwise tampered with in a manner not indicated.

Side Effects

Common side effects include:
  • euphoria
  • constipation
  • fatigue
  • dizziness
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • dry mouth
  • anxiety
  • itching
  • sweating
Less common side effects (experienced by less than 5% of patients) include:
  • loss of appetite
  • nervousness
  • abdominal pain
  • diarrhea
  • urine retention
  • dyspnea
  • hiccups
In high doses, overdoses, or in patients not tolerant to opiates, oxycodone can cause:
  • shallow breathing
  • bradycardia
  • cold-clammy skin
  • apnea
  • hypotension
  • miosis
  • circulatory collapse
  • respiratory arrest
  • death

Addiction, Dependence and Withdrawal

If a patient has become physically dependent or addicted and discontinues oxycodone abruptly, the risk of experiencing severe withdrawal symptoms is high. In cases where oxycodone has been taken regularly over an extended period, use should be discontinued gradually rather than abruptly. People who use oxycodone in a recreational, hazardous, or harmful fashion are at even higher risk of severe withdrawal symptoms, as they tend to use higher-than-prescribed doses. The symptoms of oxycodone withdrawal are the same as for other opiate-based painkillers, and may include:

  • anxiety
  • panic attack
  • nausea
  • insomnia
  • muscle pain
  • muscle weakness
  • fevers
  • flu-like symptoms

Withdrawal symptoms have also been reported in newborns whose mothers had been either injecting or orally taking oxycodone during pregnancy.

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Just because someone exhibits some or all of the above signs and symptoms does not necessarily warrant that the individual is using, or addicted to Oxycodone. Certain medical conditions may also produce the above signs and/or symptoms.
DISCLAIMER: The information provided on this Website is gathered from visitors to this site, government documents, books, Websites and other resources. This information is solely for educational purposes only, and should not be considered by the reader as medical advice of any kind. Detoxification of drugs should only be done under strict medical and professional supervision. Do not attempt to detox from drugs without proper medical supervision, as it can be life threatening. At the very first signs of drug withdrawal symptoms, you should seek medical attention immediately. If this is a medical emergency dial 911 immediately.

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